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Securing Ingresses with ZeroSSL

The ZeroSSL

This guide walks you through how to secure a Kubernetes Ingress resource using the ZeroSSL Issuer type.

The ZeroSSL just like Let's Encrypt and its competitors allows to create free 90 days certificates. All is need is to create account at https://zerossl.com/. After that go to developer section and generate EAB Credentials for ACME Clients. You will need it later.

Please note!
EAB credentials are not stored in your account, please make sure to note them somewhere. Each click on "Generate" will create a new set of credentials. Even if you create multiple credentials, all of them will remain functional.

Prerequisites

  • An AWS account
  • kubectl installed
  • Access to a publicly registered DNS zone
  • Kubernetes cluster, you can use AWS EKS
  • ingress-nginx deployed and working inside cluster

Tutorial scenario:

Installing cert-manager

Make sure you use cert-manager 1.8.2+/1.7.3+. See link for more details.

Please walk through the installation guide and return to this step once you have validated cert-manager is deployed correctly. Follow steps under running on Kubernetes to install in k8s.

In order to automatically switch to the ZeroSSL we recommend setting default shim by adding the following configuration to values file.

ingressShim:
defaultIssuerName: "zerossl-production"
defaultIssuerKind: "ClusterIssuer"
crds:
enabled: true

Install it using helm:

helm upgrade --install --namespace cert-manager --version v1.15.0 cert-manager jetstack/cert-manager -f values.yaml

Configure your DNS records

The best way to manage DNS using AWS is by using Route53. Create AWS account with permissions to modify Route53 rules.

EAB secret

Once you will get your credentials first step is to create seed with secrets. They are responsible for authenticating with your ZeroSSL account.

$ kubectl create secret generic \
zero-ssl-eabsecret \
--namespace=cert-manager \
--from-literal=secret='YOUR_ZEROSSL_EAB_HMAC_KEY'

Another way of creating secret.

Encode it in base64 first.

echo -n "YOUR_ZEROSSL_EAB_HMAC_KEY" | base64 -w 0
apiVersion: v1
kind: Secret
metadata:
name: zero-ssl-eabsecret
data:
secret: YOUR_ENCODED_ZEROSSL_EAB_HMAC_KEY
kubectl apply -f zero-ssl-eabsecret.yaml -n cert-manager

Cluster issuer

Then we must create the ZeroSSL ClusterIssuer, let's call it zerossl-production. In our case we are using AWS. See pre-conditions to provision all required elements.

apiVersion: cert-manager.io/v1
kind: ClusterIssuer
metadata:
name: zerossl-production
spec:
acme:
# ZeroSSL ACME server
server: https://acme.zerossl.com/v2/DV90
email: dummy-email@yopmail.com
# name of a secret used to store the ACME account private key
privateKeySecretRef:
name: zerossl-prod
# for each cert-manager new EAB credencials are required
externalAccountBinding:
keyID: YOUR_ZEROSSL_EAB_KEY_ID
keySecretRef:
name: zero-ssl-eabsecret
key: secret
keyAlgorithm: HS256
# ACME DNS-01 provider configurations to verify domain
solvers:
- selector: {}
dns01:
route53:
region: us-west-2
# optional if ambient credentials are available; see ambient credentials documentation
# see Route53 for >0 issue "letsencrypt.org" and change to >0 issue "sectigo.com"
accessKeyID: ACCESS_KEY_ID
secretAccessKeySecretRef:
name: route53-credentials-secret
key: secret-access-key

Then run:

$ kubectl apply -n cert-manager -f zerossl-production.yaml
$ kubectl describe Clusterissuer zerossl-prod
Status:
Acme:
Last Registered Email: dummy-email@yopmail.com
Uri: https://acme.zerossl.com/v2/DV90/account/tXXX_NwSv15rlS_XXXX
Conditions:
Last Transition Time: 2021-09-09T17:03:26Z
Message: The ACME account was registered with the ACME server
Reason: ACMEAccountRegistered
Status: True
Type: Ready

Please note!

If this step failed and the ACME account is not registered please check if secrets in zero-ssl-eabsecret are correct.

Request a ingress certificate

apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
kind: Ingress
metadata:
name: test-ingress
namespace: default
spec:
rules:
- host: test.example.com
tls:
- secretName: secret-tls

Apply test-ingress:

kubectl apply -f ingress.yaml

You are set! Check your ingress.

kubectl describe ingress test-ingress -n default
# check if tls is terminated using secret-tls
openssl s_client -showcerts -connect test.example.com:443
# verify server certificate and its chain