When troubleshooting cert-manager your best friend is
kubectl describe, this will give you information on the resources as well as recent events. It is not advised to use the logs as these are quite verbose and only should be looked at if the following steps do not provide help.
cert-manager consists of multiple custom resources that live inside your Kubernetes cluster, these resources are linked together and are often created by one another. When such an event happens it will be reflected in a Kubernetes event, you can see these per-namespace using
kubectl get event, or in the output of
kubectl describe when looking at a single resource.
Troubleshooting a failed certificate request
There are several resources that are involved in requesting a certificate.
( +---------+ ) ( | Ingress | ) Optional ACME Only! ( +---------+ ) | | | +-------------+ +--------------------+ | +-------+ +-----------+ |-> | Certificate |----> | CertificateRequest | ----> | | Order | ----> | Challenge | +-------------+ +--------------------+ | +-------+ +-----------+ |
The cert-manager flow all starts at a
Certificate resource, you can create this yourself or your Ingress resource will to this for you if you have the correct annotations set.
1. Checking the Certificate resource
First we have to check if we have a
Certificate resource created in our namespace. We can get these using
kubectl get certificate.
$ kubectl get certificate NAME READY AGE example-com-tls False 1h
If none is present and you plan to use the ingress-shim: check the ingress annotations more about that is in the ingress troubleshoot guide. If you are not using the ingress-shim: check the output of the command you used to create the certificate.
If you see one with ready status
False you can get more info using
kubectl describe certificate, if the status is
True that means that cert-manager has successfully issued a certificate.
$ kubectl describe certificate <certificate-name> [...] Status: Conditions: Last Transition Time: 2020-05-15T21:45:22Z Message: Issuing certificate as Secret does not exist Reason: DoesNotExist Status: False Type: Ready Next Private Key Secret Name: example-tls-wtlww Events: Type Reason Age From Message ---- ------ ---- ---- ------- Normal Issuing 105s cert-manager Issuing certificate as Secret does not exist Normal Generated 105s cert-manager Stored new private key in temporary Secret resource "example-tls-wtlww" Normal Requested 104s cert-manager Created new CertificateRequest resource "example-tls-bw5t9"
Here you will find more info about the current certificate status under
Status as well as detailed information about what happened to it under
Events. Both will help you determine the current state of the certificate.
The last status is
Created new CertificateRequest resource, it is worth taking a look at in which state
CertificateRequest is to get more info on why our
Certificate isn’t getting issued.
2. Checking the
CertificateRequest resource represents a CSR in cert-manager and passes this CSR on onto the issuer.
You can find the name of the
CertificateRequest in the
Certificate event log or using
kubectl get certificaterequest
To get more info we again run
$ kubectl describe certificaterequest <CertificateRequest name> API Version: cert-manager.io/v1 Kind: CertificateRequest Spec: Request: [...] Issuer Ref: Group: cert-manager.io Kind: ClusterIssuer Name: letencrypt-production Status: Conditions: Last Transition Time: 2020-05-15T21:45:36Z Message: Waiting on certificate issuance from order example-tls-fqtfg-1165244518: "pending" Reason: Pending Status: False Type: Ready Events: Type Reason Age From Message ---- ------ ---- ---- ------- Normal OrderCreated 8m20s cert-manager Created Order resource example-tls-fqtfg-1165244518
Here we will see any issue regarding the Issuer configuration as well as Issuer responses.
3. Check the issuer state
If in the above steps you saw an issuer not ready error you can do the same steps again for (cluster)issuer resources:
$ kubectl describe issuer <Issuer name> $ kubectl describe clusterissuer <ClusterIssuer name>
These will allow you to get any error messages regarding accounts or network issues with your issuer. Troubleshooting ACME issuers is described in more detail in Troubleshooting Issuing ACME Certificates.
4. ACME Troubleshooting
ACME (e.g. Let’s Encrypt) issuers have 2 additional resources inside cert-manager:
Troubleshooting these is described in Troubleshooting Issuing ACME Certificates.